Livres en VO

  • Manifeste du parti communiste

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    • Science marxiste
    • 1 Décembre 1999

    Le texte français du Manifeste, établi à partir de la traduction de Laura Lafargue, est présenté face au texte allemand de la première édition (1848) et accompagné de toutes les préfaces de Marx et Engels.

    L'appendice présente une chronologie des premières éditions du Manifeste jusqu'à 1914 dans les différents pays et les différentes langues, des notes sur ces premières éditions et des notices biographiques des promoteurs et des traducteurs.

  • Anglais Minimum competence in scientific english

    , ,

    • Edp sciences
    • 14 Février 2013

    Le livre est accompagné d'un site web en accès libre qui apporte des éléments dont on peut tirer parti comme appoint efficace au livre papier. MCSE et son environnement sont le résultat d'une méthode utilisée, expérimentée, améliorée depuis 30 ans, tout d'abord à l'Université de Grenoble, puis ensuite en interaction avec les Universités de Strasbourg, d'Orléans, de Nantes ... L'ouvrage est surtout construit pour des apprenants de langues latines. Le livre est autonome, comme l'ont démontré les quelques 200 000 utilisateurs de la méthode. Mais, il peut laisser les apprenants s'enferrer dans leur mauvaise pratique orale.
    Le site web en accès libre a donc deux objectifs:
    - compléter la démarche du livre par des aspects ludiques et interactifs, - permettre d'entendre mots et phrases prononcés par des anglais ou américains.

  • A collection of lectures from a Disney animator. It features illustrations from some of the top animators in the world including Brad Bird.

  • A collection of lectures from a Disney animator. It features illustrations from some of the top animators in the world including Brad Bird.

  • Anglais The civil war in France

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    • Science marxiste
    • 1 Février 2021

    When 150 years ago, in March 1871, the young Paris proletariat attempted to «storm heaven», fiercely put down by the bloody reaction of the French bourgeoisie - in agreement, on that occasion, with the Prussian invader to crush their common deadly enemy - it was once again clear, as is written in the Manifesto, that the history of all hitherto existing societies is «the history of class struggle».
    As early as 1848, the working class, which had begun to take its first steps just a few decades before, had had to pay a tragic price for its illusion that its political battle could be fought in agreement with the bourgeoisie, albeit with its more liberal and progressive currents. With the Commune, whatever remained of that ingenuous hope was swept away by cannon fire, while it was clear, on the contrary, that «workers of all countries, unite!» was not just a simple appeal to feelings of solidarity, but a fundamental scientific synthesis, a vital requirement for revolutionary strategy.
    It lasted for only two months. And yet an unreplaceable legacy of experiences was concentrated in the short span of that ardent season, in the heart of Paris. It definitively resolved, when put to the test, a series of fundamental theoretical issues of socialism. It was the first attempt to create a new world: a revolution, according to what Marx stated in his first draft of the text, «not against this or that - legitimist, constitutional, republican, or imperialist - form of state», but against the state itself. It was against this «supernatural abortion of society», the tool of the «war engine of capital against labour», for the «resumption by the people for the people of its own social life».

  • Cahiers du monde russe et soviétique n.52/1

    Collectif

    • Ecole hautes etudes en sciences sociales
    • 20 Novembre 2012

    Découvrez Cahiers du Monde russe N° 52/1, Janvier-Mar. , le livre de Igor Fedyukin

  • Anglais Buzzwords ; progresser par le dictionnaire à mots découverts

    Katherine Lydon

    • Presses de sciences po
    • 25 Novembre 1996

    Enrichir son vocabulaire anglais par la simple consultation d'un dictionnaire est possible.
    Encore faut-il savoir se servir de cet instrument indispensable. Cet outil précieux peut devenir un piège si l'on ne sait pas interpréter et exploiter correctement les informations obtenues. Buzzwords propose une méthode pour apprendre à utiliser les dictionnaires anglais-anglais et français-anglais tout en progressant dans la connaissance et la pratique de la langue. Le livre est divisé en quatre parties (histoire, politique, économie et culture).
    Il présente le vocabulaire de base et éclaire le sens de certains mots ou expressions spécialisées d'usage courant, peu ou pas expliqués dans les dictionnaires. Des tableaux synoptiques précisent les différences de sens entre l'anglais et l'américain. Des exercices de vocabulaire encouragent le lecteur à une recherche active qui facilite la mémorisation des termes. La méthode Buzzwords, issue d'expériences concrètes d'enseignement à Sciences Po, s'adresse à tous les étudiants qui doivent perfectionner leur connaissance de l'anglais.
    En prise sur l'actualité internationale et le fonctionnement des sociétés anglaise et américaine, elle sera également indispensable aux professionnels qui souhaitent raviver leur pratique de la langue.

  • Sigila, n 5/printemps-ete 2000

    • Maison des sciences de l'homme
    • 14 Mars 2000
  • L'ombre ; a sombra

    Sigila

    • Maison des sciences de l'homme
    • 2 Octobre 2005
  • Anglais Anti-dühring & the role of force in history

    Friedrich Engels

    • Science marxiste
    • 1 Décembre 2013

    There is ample evidence that this work played an essential role in forming generations of Marxists. A. Labriola, in Socialism and Philosophy (1897) wrote : « Anti-Dühring is that work which ought to get an international circulation before any other. I know of few books which are equal to it in compactness of thought, multiplicity of viewpoints, and effectiveness in bringing home its points. It may become mental medicine for young thinkers, who generally turn with vague and uncertain touch to books which are said to deal with socialism of some kind. » D. Riazanov, in a conference on Marx and Engels, said that : « Thanks to it, the young generation who became militants around 1876-1880 learnt the true nature of scientific socialism, its philosophical principles, and its methods. Anti-Dühring is the best introduction to the study of Capital. » Anti-Dühring was a weapon in the theoretical and political struggles against ecclecticism. The working-class movement got over its first infantile disorder thanks to this work of Engels and Marx - a work that did not remain shut up in some intellectual ivory tower, but became « science translated into militancy, to become struggle ».

  • La obra de Engels es una detallada exposición de los fundamentos del marxismo a los que el socialismo está unido. El autor recoge la evolución de las ideas desde la Ilustración francesa a la filosofía idealista alemana pasando por la economía clásica inglesa hasta llegar al comunismo y socialismo utópicos. El Antidühring es un tesoro de ciencia de la política porque proporciona los instrumentos conceptuales para analizar el movimiento de la política, de sus instituciones, de sus poderes y de sus determinaciones.

  • Ce dictionnaire, unique et original, présente de nombreux atouts, en premier lieu celui d'être rédigé par un auteur anglophone et parfaitement bilingue, garantie d'une parfaite exactitude des termes en langue anglaise ; en second lieu, il comporte une liste de tous les médicaments courants ; l'auteur a également eu le souci de fournir au lecteur, non seulement la simple traduction des différents termes, mais aussi le terme le plus souvent utilisé dans telle ou telle situation, avec ses synonymes, de même que la définition du mot quand elle est apparue nécessaire.
    Ce dictionnaire comporte ainsi près de 60 000 entrées, différenciées grâce à un code couleur : en rouge, les synonymes, en bleu, les médicaments, en vert, les préfixes et suffixes ; l'ouvrage comporte également de nombreux tableaux : des termes d'anatomie, avec la nomenclature internationale, des interventions chirurgicales, des maladies, des examens complémentaires.
    Au total, un ouvrage unique, original, indispensable.


  • Sobre los escombros de Alepo - el nuevo simbolo trágico de la barbarie imperialista que puntualmente se acompaña con la cinica lógica de reparto entre la potencias - se ha abierto un nuevo capitulo del sangriento conflicto que flagela a Siria ya desde hace más de cinco años. Mientras tanto, después Paris, el terrorismo reaccionario ha extendido su carga mortal tambien a Bruselas, Niza, Múnich, Berlin y Estambul. Multiplicando asi las semillas envenenadas de aquella politica mediterránea realizada durante dos siglos, tanto en el Norte de África como en Levante, por la propia Francia, en competencia o en acuerdo durante décadas con el imperio inglés, con el ruso y con el imperialismo italiano, aléman y americano.

  • Anglais Unitary imperialism t.2. ; 1959-1980

    Arrigo Cervetto

    • Science marxiste
    • 1 Décembre 2016

    This book is a collection of the analyses of international relations made by Arrigo Cervetto during the first thirty years of his activity as a militant revolutionary. This great analytical work is the outcome of the political battle that Cervetto fought during those years to restore Leninism to Italy, and cannot be separated from his particular interpretation of Lenin's political legacy.
    For Cervetto, and for the small group of revolutionaries that gather round him after the Second World War, this return to Lenin is the indispensable prerequisite for the formulation of a revolutionary strategy. In other words, via Leninism, these militants aspire to raise the communist movement out of the abyss the Fascist, Stalinist and Social-Democratic counterrevolution had cast it into.
    The title of this book picks up a concept, that of « unitary imperialism » in fact, which had been worked out starting from the internationalist debate of the early '50s. From a political point of view, asserting the existence of « unitary imperialism » at that moment in history meant saying above all that one attributed to the ussr, as well as to all the so-called « socialist camp », the same social nature as its opposing Western « capitalist camp ».
    Internationalism thus found a solid theoretical base, but the concept of « unitary imperialism » goes much further than its occasional use in the political struggle against Stalinism.
    In his effort to link up with the essence of the Leninist conception of the revolutionary party, Arrigo Cervetto finds the central core of the continuity between Marx and Lenin in the concept of socio-economic formation.
    Cervetto demonstrates that this scientific acquisition of Marx's is the starting point of Lenin's elaboration and goes so far as to maintain, and to prove, that the Leninist Party is the solution to the problems posed by «Capital», that « the party [is] the apotheosis of Marxist science ».
    The great mass of the material collected in these volumes testifies to Arrigo Cervetto's commitment to his effort to put his conception of the party and the revolutionary struggle into practice.

  • «Sometimes too little attention has been devoted to the fact that the events which stun and break some political tendencies can strengthen and temper others. It is a lesson of the materialist conception of politics.» (Arrigo Cervetto 1988).
    We believe this consideration expresses the spirit of this book in the best possible way. Like The Unprecedented Task, which included texts published between 1996 and 2006, this new volume collects articles from the last fourteen years, from 2007 to 2020, all referring to specific political battles and concrete moments in the life of our party. Whence its essential content: systematic attention paid to the practical translation of general political reflections and analyses.
    Two big crises open and close the whole collection of these writings: the one we have defined as the crisis in global relations - beginning in 2007 - and the present crisis of the pandemic of the century; within a timespan marked by tensions and partial conflicts among the powers, which characterise the «stormy times» of this new strategic phase. It is therefore not by chance that another leitmotiv of the volume consists in our organisational battle, which is the real battlefield on which every result can be ensured, preserved and therefore handed down. We must start, first of all, from the tenet of proletarian internationalism, which must be rebuilt and consolidated, as a vital necessity, within our world class. And this sends us to a final aspect, which is the attention being paid to a new generation, brought to politics precisely in the crises and upheavals of the last fifteen years. Other new energies will emerge in the years to come. They will contribute to facing the even more convulsive developments of the 2020s and 2030s, characterised as can already be glimpsed by the rearmament race between emerging China and Asia and the declining powers of the old order.
    The link in the chain of class organisation will need to be grasped more firmly than ever.

  • Anglais The planetory ocean

    Michèle Fieux

    • Edp sciences
    • 30 Octobre 2017

    The description of ocean water masses is based on the study of their temperature, salinity, and density, virtual genetic imprints which provide identity and movement to water masses. Ocean characteristics and processes involved in exchanges with the atmosphere together with simple dynamic balances give an understanding of a large part of the vast oceanic system. This book is enhanced with numerous colored illustrations. It is a reference on regional oceanography updated with extensive results from the last twenty years. The presentation underscores the speci city of each ocean basin using a precise and global approach.
    Beginning with a brief historical context, it explains the interactions and the role of each ocean basin in the functioning of the planetary ocean. How do we recognize Antarctic Bottom Water in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean? What is the densest water mass? The warmest? Why doesn't dense water form in the largest ocean basin? What becomes of water that sinks in the Labrador Sea? Why does the ocean play such an important role in climate variations? ... Answers can be found in this book.

  • Agora débats / jeunesse n.80 ; l'engagement des jeunes dans des causes radicales

    Agora Debats / Jeunesse

    • Presses de sciences po
    • 18 Octobre 2018

    Ce dossier appréhende les formes d'engagement et les trajectoires biographiques de jeunes dans la radicalité militante. Depuis les attentats du 11 septembre 2001 et ceux plus récents survenus en Europe au cours de la dernière décennie, la notion de radicalisation s'est imposée dans les discours médiatiques et politiques dans une acception le plus souvent religieuse. Pour autant, nombre d'engagements de jeunes dans des causes radicales se réalisent au nom d'autres idéologies (mouvements indépendantistes, régionalistes, néonazis, royalistes, etc.).
    Qui s'engage dans ces causes ? La jeunesse est-elle un âge de la vie plus prompt à s'investir dans les engagements radicaux ? En quoi ce type d'engagement constitue-t-il une offre identitaire ou un espace des possibles dans la trajectoire de ces jeunes ? Ce dossier invite à repenser la dialectique permanente entre histoire individuelle, institution et contexte.

  • Anglais Imperialism, the highest stage of capitalism ; a popular outline

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    • Science marxiste
    • 1 Octobre 2016

    Written in the first half of 1916 and published in the spring of 1917, Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism remains, even after a century, the most organic synthesis of the characteristics of an epoch that is still continuing.
    While the First World War was raging, faced with the theories of the bourgeoisie and opportunism, and linking himself back to the method of the Masters of Marxism, Lenin identified the economic and political characteristics of this historical phase, the contradictory laws of its development, and the content and forms of imperialism.
    In his preface to the German and French editions of July 1920, the author stressed the dual political and strategic significance of this book.
    It was inspired by the requirements of the political struggle against the pacifist ideologies and the illusory perspective of « global democracy », which prevented the revolutionary minority of the international proletariat from finding an independent perspective and from breaking with its subordination to the ruling class's ideology in all its many variations.
    The other fundamental aspect that Lenin stresses while the revolutionary battle was raging is the imperialist nature of war... a war for a new « division of the world » and a redefinition of the spheres of influence among the six great powers of the time.

  • Lenin explained that in the decades of relatively peaceful development of capitalism, from 1871 to 1914, the social materials that would give birth to social-imperialism accumulated. This objective process emerged in various ideologies ; all of them had a common feature : « opportunistic prejudices » about the nature of the State. The revolutionary process was destined to be stifled by nihilism, maximalism, and inconclusiveness ; to meet with self-destruction, unless it got out of the quicksand of prejudices about the State.
    The first imperialist world war produced the material conditions for revolution : in February 1917 the political crisis in Russia emerged in an acute form, leading to the fall of the autocracy and the birth of the most democratic of republics. What was arrived at was dual power. The parliament and governement co-existed with the soviets, the political shell for the most genuine expression of the revolutionary forces : the workers and poor peasants in uniform.
    The Russian revolutionary labour movement had to operate politically within the framework of the most democratic republic history had ever produced. Without a revolutionary theory about the nature of the bourgeois State there could not be a revolutionary movement of opposition to the most efficient shell of this State - democracy.

  • Anglais October 1917 ; 100 years, 100 militants of the revolution

    Gian Giacomo Cavicchioli

    • Science marxiste
    • 1 Septembre 2017

    This is the first lesson of 1917, its highly topical and fecund legacy - strategy party means bringing the consciousness of decisive world facts to our class. This was the case a hundred years ago, in the October assault in Russia. This is the case today, in our battle to entrench a Bloshevik Party in the heart of European imperialism. And it will be the case tomorrow, when the imperialist contention will once again leave no alternatives: either war or revolution, either Socialism or barbarism.
    Then there is a second lesson. The slogan of the German Spartacists - « The Main Enemy is at Home » - stands out on the first issue of our newspaper. That allusion from the 1914-1918 internationalist battle is a point of reference for today, both in our struggle against the ideologies of the "small" homeland of the nation-state and the new ideology of the "big" homeland of the European continental State.
    Today the « locomotive of history » that is driving international struggles of the classes and of the States is not yet imperialist war, but it is huge, uneven, economic and political development - it is Asia's rise that is preparing the future breakdown of order, but meanwhile it proceeds in the present amidst increasingly intense crises and partial conflicts.
    Chinese imperialism is emerging, European imperialism is on the move, the Atlantic powers are declinig and those of the Pacific are gaining a foothold - continent-size forces are fighting each other.
    Tomorrow revolutionary defeatism will establish the class autonomy of every sector of the world proletariat, in the new assault against every bourgeoisie and every imperialism. For us, today, « the main enemy is at home » means « proletarian opposition to European and unitary imperialism ». This is our slogan. It is the offspring of the October Revolution.

  • Espagnol Trabajo asalariado y capital ; salario, precio y ganancia

    Karl Marx

    • Science marxiste
    • 1 Mai 2018

    Los dos textos que hemos reunido en este volumen fueron redactados entre 1847 y 1865. Aunque fueron escritos hace 150 años, y a pesar de su concisión, tienen la impactante capacidad de aclarar numerosos problemas actuales. Además, son una demostración de las facultades de Marx para « popularizar » las nociones complejas : en efecto, al mismo tiempo presenta los fundamentos del análisis cientifico de manera simple y cientifica. Estas dos obras, Trabajo asalariado y capital, así como Salario, precio y ganancia, ofrecen una base sólida e irremplazable para el studio de la teoría marxista de la economía.
    La densidad y la modernidad de Trabajo asalariado y capital son hijas de la combinación entre el objetivo originario y su idea-fuerza. La idea-fuerza es que es propio del capitalismo esconder las relaciones entre las « cosas ». Las características misteriosas de las « cosas » como el capital o el salario son aclaradas reduciéndolas a las subyacentes relaciones entre los hombres. La actualidad del texto se debe a que la relación fundamental no ha cambiado desde entonces. La sociedad continúa basándose en la relación instaurada entre la minoría de hombres que monopoliza los medios de producción - los capitalistas - y la gran mayoría de quienes están privados de ellos y, en consecuencia, se ven obligados a vender su capacidas de trabajar, los asalariados.
    La claridad de la exposición se deriva del objetivo originario de la obra que, como explica Engels en la introducción, es el de divulgar la teoría económica entre los trabajadores. Trabajo asalariado y capital es un conjunto de conferencias que Marx realizó en la Asociación de los Obreros Alemanes de Bruselas después publicado como artículos en la Neue Rheinische Zeitung. La intención de Marx no era cultural sino revolucionaria. No se trataba de una reflexión académica sino de dirigir una batalla.
    Salario, precio y ganancia persigue el mismo objetivo. En su origen es un documento que Marx lee a lo largo de dos sesiones del Consejo General de la Asociación Internacional de los Trabajadores. En esta intervención Marx responde a las cuestiones planteadas por el « viejo owenista » John Weston, sobre el impacto del aumento de los salarios sobre la situación obrera y sobre la posición de las trade-unions dentro de las batallas salariales.
    Las « novedades » que los dirigentes de la Primera Internacional no son otras que el descubrimiento fundamental del « valor del trabajo » o, con más precisión, el hecho de que es imposible determinar est valor sin introducir el concepto de « fuerza de trabajo ». Salario, precio y ganancia constituye así la primera explicación científica del mecanismo de explotación capitalista.

  • La estrategia revolucionaria está anclada a la teoría y al análisis científico del desarrollo imperialista y de la dinámica internacional de las potencias. Por esta razón Lenin y la revolución china es uno de los episodios fundamentales de la concepción estratégica de Arrigo Cervetto. « Con la Primera Guerra Mundial » escribe de hecho en el texto « se ha abierto la época de la crisis imperialista y de las revoluciones proletarias. Se ha abierto, y no cerrado, y una época histórica no dura un año. La Revolución de Octubre, íntimamente unida a la Primera Guerra Mundial, es el primer resultado de esta época ».

  • Espagnol Octubre de 1917 ; 100 años, 100 militantes de la revolución

    Gian Giacomo Cavicchioli

    • Science marxiste
    • 1 Septembre 2017

    ...Cien años desde 1917. ¿Por qué el asalto de Octubre en Rusia es todavía una enseñanza para las tareas actuales ? ¿ De verdad una conmoción política que se produjo hace un siglo, en un país en vías de desarrollo pero atrasado y periférico, nos puede decir cómo ser comunistas hoy, en el mundo globalizado e interconectado del Tercer Milenio? La batalla de 1917 es una experiencia básica y por esta razón preciosa, no sólo en sus líneas generales sino también en la lección específica de muchos combates particulares.
    La lección histórica de aquel asalto se ha convertido en la guía para la batalla política que está en el orden del día.

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